Scientific evidence is clear – human activity is causing the planet to heat up at an alarming rate. Burning fossil fuels creates greenhouse gas emissions. Clearing land and forests releases more carbon (which was stored in trees) into the atmosphere. Landfills for waste generate methane emissions. All of these greenhouse gases act like a blanket around the Earth, raising temperatures and disrupting our climate. We’re increasingly seeing consequences like intense droughts, water scarcity, extreme flooding, melting polar ice and devastating storms.
The last decade (2011-2020) was the warmest on record. Thousands of scientists have agreed that limiting warming to less than 1.5 degrees would help avoid the worst climate impacts and maintain a liveable climate. But global warming is projected to reach around 3.2 degrees celsius by the end of the century.
We face a huge challenge, but we already have many viable solutions, which can deliver economic benefits, improve lives and protect the environment.